New Research Reveals the Hazards of a Southern Dietary Pattern

According to recently published research in the journal Circulation, Shikany and colleagues sought to find out if the risk of acute coronary heart disease (CHD) was associated with dietary patterns. The Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) trial data base (n=17,418) was used.  Subjects were enrolled in this national, population-based trial that was conducted in both white and black adults between 2003 and 2007. The authors were able to identify five distinct dietary patterns: Plant-based, Sweets, Convenience, Southern, and Alcohol and Salad.   The subjects who were found to fall into the Southern dietary pattern (i.e., fried foods, organ and processed meats, eggs, added fats, and sugar-sweetened beverages) experienced a 56% higher hazard of acute CHD, despite adjustments for energy intake, lifestyle factors, and sociodemographics. Authors concluded that for both white and black adults in diverse regions of the US, eating a Southern dietary pattern increased risk for CHD.

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